Loading... Please wait...

Wind Turbines

Case Histories

  • Photo of Model 6161 MEMS Tilt Sensor installation
    Photo of the foundation concept at the MOWEL Wind Farm

    Moray East Offshore Wind Farm

    Outer Moray Firth, Scotland

    The Moray Offshore Wind East Limited (MOWEL) Wind Farm is located on the Smith Bank in the outer Moray Firth. It lies 12 nautical miles (about 22 km) from the Caithness Coast and covers an area of 520 km². A total of 100 wind turbine generators (WTG) of type MHI Vestas V164-9.5MW are planned to be installed. The hub height of the turbines varies between 113.44 and 116.93 mLAT and the interface between tower bottom and the top of the foundation vary between 23.4 and 26.9 mLAT. The nominal water depths at the site vary between -39.2 and -53.3 mLAT.

    The foundation concept at the MOWEL Wind Farm is a jacket structure with three legs supported by pre-installed driven piles. The jacket substructure and the piles are connected through a grouted connection. A transition piece (TP) of box girder type connects the jacket legs to the tower (Ramboll GmbH, 2019).

    Critical failure mechanisms, from root cause to failure modes, ultimately defines the parameters to be measured. The critical failure modes for main system components like primary steelwork, secondary steelwork and corrosion protection system were identified as:

    1. Permanent Deformation
    2. Cracks
    3. Early consumption of fatigue life
    4. Tilting
    5. Excessive Vibration

    Specifically, the failure of the following has been targeted for monitoring:

    1. Fatigue Crack of the Jacket Lattice Structure: Excessive loads can accumulate due to a number of reasons, amongst them the development of scour, corrosion due to flaws in coating or flaws in weld due to poor manufacture.
    2. Tilting or Deformation of the Jacket Lattice Structure: Unexpected movement can occur due to excessive scour, particularly during extreme conditions (storm events).
    3. Behaviour out of WTG specification of the Jacket Lattice Structure: Natural frequency of the structure will vary depending on ground conditions (which can be heterogeneous).
    4. Fatigue Crack of the Piles can develop as a result of scour hole development in combination with microbiologically induced corrosion.
    5. Fatigue Crack of the Transition Piece: Underestimation of the WTG loads in the design of the TP could lead to this being substandard, and developing cracks over time.

    Instrumentation used: Model 6161 MEMS Tilt Sensors

    The purpose of the GEOKON Instrumentation is to monitor the tilt or pivot of the transition piece on 4 offshore wind turbine generators. The data from the sensors will be used for fatigue analysis.

    Project submitted courtesy of James Fisher Testing Services, United Kingdom.

  • Photo of Load Cell installation.Photo of Load cell installed on a 3-inch anchor.Photo of steel plates and unmodified tensioning jack.

    Rock Anchored Wind Turbine Foundation

    New Hampshire, USA

    An extensive monitoring program comprising a series of vibrating wire load cells and automatic data acquisition systems has been deployed on a number of wind turbine foundations to measure tie-down anchor loads.

    Site photographs:

    • Top left: 4 Load Cells installed (at 90°) on the rock anchored wind turbine foundation.
    • Bottom left: Load cell installed on a 3" anchor, ready for tensioning.
    • Bottom right: Temporary stack of steel plates to allow use of an unmodified tensioning jack.

    Photographs courtesy of Cianbro Corporation, Maine, USA.

Share your Project!

GEOKON would like to share customer projects and success stories with the visitors of our website. If you would like your project summary to be featured on our Recent Projects page, added to our collection of various Projects and promoted on social media, please complete and submit your project for review and consideration. As a token of our appreciation, GEOKON will send you a small gift for your contribution!